By 1728 the last of the Yemassee Indians were driven south into the Florida Everglades. A famed Indian fighter that Colonel John Barnwell nicknamed “Tuscarora Jack,” was granted 1,000 acres (about 1/5 the size of Sea Pines Plantation) and became the island’s first settler.
The rich natural resources on Hilton Head included the tall, straight sea pines used for masts and booms on the great British ships. The iron-hard live oaks were used for ships’ planking as well as pine pitch and tar for caulking. Later, the British would lament this remarkably hard oak as it was used on America’s great warship “Old Ironsides,” which repelled British cannonballs fired at her during the Revolutionary War.
By 1731, the first Royal Governor arrived to oversee the settlement, which set the stage for the evolution of rice and indigo crops that became the foundation of the wealthy plantation culture that followed.
UNION ARMADA SHIP’S CREW AFTER THE VICTORY AT FORT WALKER