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Level 2B

Level 2B By 1728 the last of the Yemassee Indians were driven south into the Florida Everglades. A famed Indian fighter that Colonel John Barnwell nicknamed “Tuscarora Jack,” was granted 1,000 acres (about 1/5 the size of Sea Pines Plantation) and became the island’s first settler. The rich natural resources on Hilton Head included the tall, straight sea pines used for masts and booms on the great British ships. The iron-hard live oaks were used for ships’ planking as well as pine pitch and tar for caulking. Later, the British would lament this remarkably hard oak as it was used on America’s great warship “Old Ironsides,” which repelled British cannonballs fired at her during the Revolutionary War. By 1731, the...

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Level 2A

Level 2A Our neighbor to the south, Georgia, became the thirteenth colony in 1733. Under the leadership of General James Oglethorpe it flourished, and Savannah became the major sea port on the Southeast Coast and America’s first planned city After 46 years of growth and prosperity, America declared its independence from England. The Revolutionary War came as a shock to the Lowcountry since most colonists still had close family ties in England. Fortunately, the resulting trade embargo did not include a restriction on colonists’ ability to export rice, so at least some commerce was still possible. However, as the battles raged, a convoy of British ships sailed up Skull Creek in January 1779, destroying homes and farms along the way...

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Level 1B

Level 1B From the top of the Harbour Town Lighthouse, you can experience vistas similar to the sights that the great seamen of Europe must have seen when they first guided their ships in Calibogue Sound. You can see the shoreline of Spanish wells where the Spanish arrived first in 1521 under the lead of Captain Cordillo. Lucas De Ayllon, a fellow adventurer, established a settlement here of some 500 people in 1526, but it lasted only a short time and little is known of its existence. A century later in 1663, Captain William Hilton arrived on his ship, the Adventure, sailing out of the British territory of Barbados. Hilton had been sent to explore the lands that King Charles...

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Level 1A

Level 1A Hilton Head Island has been inhabited by human beings deep into the misty past of pre-history, perhaps 10,000 years ago and beyond. The first residents were early American Indians. They came because of the abundant food resources provided by the surrounding waters. These ancient peoples have left us evidence of their visits here, such as the mysterious Indian shell ring in the Sea Pines Forest Preserve. You can still find bits of their ancient, fiber-tempered pottery along the creek banks and beaches. These early inhabitants were called Yemassee Indians and were first recorded by the early European explorers.    

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First Post

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