Hilton Head Island has been inhabited by human beings deep into the misty past of pre-history, perhaps 10,000 years ago and beyond. The first residents were early American Indians. They came because of the abundant food resources provided by the surrounding waters. These ancient peoples have left us evidence of their visits here, such as the mysterious Indian shell ring in the Sea Pines Forest Preserve. You can still find bits of their ancient, fiber-tempered pottery along the creek banks and beaches. These early inhabitants were called Yemassee Indians and were first recorded by the early European explorers.